How to understand the passage of UGC NET PAPER – 1 third topic

Understanding and answering question from passage will provide you 10 marks which can be helpful for clearing first part.

I am writing some tips for understanding the passage which will come in ugc net first paper.

  1. Read the passage minimum two time slowly and fully concentration with its questions.
  2. Try to understand the difficult words of English in this passage and also read it in Hindi, so that, you will confirm, what the passage is saying.
  3. Practise by answering different question of example passage, it will increase your confidence.
  4. Increase your English vocabulary; it will be helpful for understanding the passage and its message clearly.
  5. Here, I am writing one example passage and try to make your understand what the passage is saying by telling you its difficult
    words .

The happy man is the man who lives objectively, who has free affections and wide interest, who secure his happiness through these interest and affection and through the fact that they, in turn make him as object of interest and affection to many others. To be the recipient of
affection is a potent cause of happiness, but the man who demands affection is not the man upon whom it is bestowed. The man who receives affection is, speaking broadly the man who gives it. But it is useless the man who gives it. But it is useless to attempt to give it as a calculation, in the way in which one might lend money at interest, for a calculated affection is not genuine and is not felt to be so by the recipient. What then can a man do who is unhappy because he is
encased in self? So long as he continue to think about the cause of his unhappiness , he continues to be self centered and therefore , does not got outside the vicious circle , if he is get outside it must be genuine interest , into by simulated interests adopted merely as a medicine . Although this difficulty is real, there is nevertheless much that he can do if he has rightly diagnosed his trouble, if for example, his trouble is due to a sense of sin, conscious or unconscious he can
first persuade his conscious mind that he has no reason to feel sinful, and then proceed to plant his rational conviction in his conviction in his unconscious mind, concerning himself meanwhile with some more or less neutral activity. If he succeeds in dispelling the sense of sin, it is possible that genuine objective interests will arise spontaneously, if his trouble is self pity, he can deal with it in the same manner after first persuading himself that there is nothing extraordinarily unfortunate in his circumstances.If fear is his trouble, let him practice exercises designed to give courage .Courage has been recognized from time immemorial as an important virtue and a great part of training of boys and young men has been devoted to producing a type of character capable of fearlessness in battle. But moral courage and intellectual courage have their technique. Admit to yourself every day at least one painful truth, you will find this quit useful. Teach yourself to feel that life still be worth
living even if you were not as of course you are , immeasurably superior to all your friends in virtue and in intelligence . Exercises of this sort prolonged through several years will at last enable you to admit facts without flinching and will, in so doing, free you from the empire of fear over a very large field .


Meaning of difficult word ( yallow highlighted ) in passage


  1. bestowed = given

  2. diagnosed = In the end

  3. persuade = Enjoy

  4. conviction = Faith

  5. neutral = indifferent

  6. spontaneously = suddenly

  7. Courage. = = bravery

  8. virtue = morality

  9. prolonged = long

  10. flinching = Escape

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